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38o                 HISTORY OF PERSIA                CHAP.
campaign against his cousin Ismail Khan, who had revolted
while filling the post of Governor of Ramadan, but was
defeated in A.H. 1201 (1786) and forced to retire. He
also failed in an attack on Yezd, whose Governor received
aid from Tabas, a semi-independent district of Khorasan.
Aga Mohamed, having meanwhile united all the sections
of his tribe, again drove Jafar out of Isfahan and followed
him to Shiraz, but being unable to capture that city, re-
turned to Isfahan. Jafar detached his son Lutf Ali to
subdue the province of Lar ; this he accomplished and then
proceeded to Kerman. Isfahan was taken once again, and
once again abandoned, and Jafar retired finally to Shiraz.
There, as the result of a conspiracy, poisoned food was
given to him, and, the prisoners having been released,
his death was hastened by a more summary form of
The Accession of Lutf All Khan.—Lutf Ali was now
obliged to flee from his own army at Kerman to escape
his father's fate. He took refuge with the Arab chief of
Bushire, thanks to whose support he was enabled to enter
Shiraz. There he put to death Sayyid Murad, its
Governor, who had declared himself King, and then
ascended the throne. Shortly afterwards Aga Mohamed
marched south and was attacked by the young Prince,
who, however, was soon compelled to retire on Shiraz
owing to the defection of one of his contingents. As before,
Shiraz remained impregnable and Aga Mohamed returned
to Teheran.
The Expedition of Lutf Ali against Kerman^ A.H. 1205
(1790).—In the following year Aga Mohamed was
engaged in a campaign in Azerbaijan, and Lutf Ali, un-
willing, if not unable, to support the forces he had collected
at the expense of the province of Fars, marched against
Kerman. Its Governor agreed to pay revenue and to
submit, but declined to appear in the royal camp. Lutf
Ali refused to accept this partial submission and besieged
Kerman ; but the winter was unusually severe, and lack
of supplies forced him to raise the siege and retire.
Haji Ibrahim.—One of the striking personalities of the
period—he may even be termed a King-Maker—was Haji